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gobi altai

Govi-Altai Province From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search Coordinates: 45°30′N 95°30′E Govi-Altai Aimag Говь-Алтай аймаг Province Flag Coat of arms Country Mongolia Coordinates 45°30′N 95°30′E Capital Altai Area 141,400 km² (54,595 sq mi) Population 63,587 (2005) Density 0.45 /km² (1 /sq mi) Founded 1940 Timezone UTC+8 Area code +976 (0)148 License plate ГА_ (_ variable) ISO 3166-2 code MN-065 Website: http://gate1.pmis.gov.mn/gobi-altai/ Govi-Altai (Mongolian: Говь-Алтай, Gobi-Altai) is one of the 21 aimags (provinces) of Mongolia. It is located in the west of the country. [edit] Transportation The Airport of Altai (LTI/ZMAT) has one unpaved runway and is served by regular flights to Arvaikheer and Ulan Bator. [edit] Administrative Subdivision Sums of Govi-Altai The capital Altai is geographically located in the Yesцnbulag sum, and not to be confused with the Altai sum in the south of the aimag. The sums of Govi-Altai Aimag Sum Mongolian Altai Алтай Bayan-Uul Баян-Уул Biger Бигэр Bugat Бугат Chandmani Чандмань Darvi Дарви Delger Дэлгэр Erdene Эрдэнэ Khaliun Халиун Khцkh morit Хөх морьт Jargalan Жаргалан Sharga Шарга Taishir Тайшир Tцgrцg Төгрөг Tonkhil Тонхил Tseel Цээл Tsogt Цогт Yesцnbulag Есөнбулаг [hide] v • d • e Provinces (Aimguud) of Mongolia Provinces Arkhangai • Bayan-Цlgii • Bayankhongor • Bulgan • Darkhan-Uul • Dornod • Dornogovi • Dundgovi • Govi-Altai • Govisьmber • Khentii • Khovd • Khцvsgцl • Цmnцgovi • Orkhon • Цvцrkhangai • Selenge • Sьkhbaatar • Tцv • Uvs • Zavkhan Municipality Ulan Bator Altai Mountains From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding reliable references. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (July 2007) For other uses, see Altai. Katun River in the Altai Mountains The Altai Mountains (Russian: Алтай Altay; Mongolian: Алтай; Chinese: 阿尔泰山脉,) are a mountain range in central Asia, where Russia, China, Mongolia and Kazakhstan come together, and where the rivers Irtysh, Ob and Yenisei have their sources. The Altai Mountains are known as the Turkic peoples' birthplace. The northwest end of the range is at 52° N and between 84° and 90° E (where it merges with the Sayan Mountains to the east), and extends southeast from there to about 45°N 99°E, where it gradually becomes lower and merges into the high plateau of the Gobi Desert. The name, in Turkic Alytau or Altay, means Al (gold), tau (mount); in Mongolian Алтайн нуруу Altain nuruu, the "Mountains of Gold". The proposed Altaic language family takes its name from the mountain range. Contents [hide] • 1 Geography • 2 World Heritage site • 3 Geology o 3.1 Seismic activity • 4 See also • 5 References • 6 Notes • 7 External links [edit] Geography Map of the Altai mountain range (For the area north of the Altai, see Geography of South-Central Siberia.) In the north of the region is the Sailughem Mountains, also known as Kolyvan Altai[dubious – discuss], which stretch northeast from 49° N and 86° E towards the western extremity of the Sayan Mountains in 51° 60' N and 89° E. Their mean elevation is 1,500 to 1,750 m. The snow-line runs at 2,000 m on the northern side and at 2,400 m on the southern, and above it the rugged peaks tower up some 1,000 m more. Mountain passes across the range are few and difficult, the chief being the Ulan-daban at 2,827 m (2,879 m according to Kozlov), and the Chapchan-daban, at 3,217 m, in the south and north respectively. On the east and southeast this range is flanked by the great plateau of Mongolia, the transition being effected gradually by means of several minor plateaus, such as Ukok 2380 m with Pazyryk valley, Chuya 1,830 m, Kendykty 2,500 m, Kak 2,520 m, Suok 2,590 m, and Juvlu-kul 2,410 m. This region is studded with large lakes, e.g. Uvs Nuur 720 m above sea level, Kirghiz-nor, Durga-nor and Khovd Nuur 1,170 m, and traversed by various mountain ranges, of which the principal are the Tannu-Ola Mountains, running roughly parallel with the Sayan Mountains as far east as the Kosso-gol, and the Khan-khu Mountains, also stretching west and east. Altai mountains (Belukha) The north-western and northern slopes of the Sailughem Mountains are extremely steep and difficult to access. On this side lies the highest summit of the range, the double-headed Belukha, whose summits reach 4,506 and 4,440 m respectively, and give origin to several glaciers (30 square kilometeres in aggregate area, as of 1911). The second highest peak of the range is in Mongolian part named Khьiten Peak. This massive reaches 4374 m. Numerous spurs, striking in all directions from the Sailughem mountains, fill up the space between that range and the lowlands of Tomsk. Such are the Chuya Alps, having an average altitude of 2,700 m, with summits from 3,500 to 3,700 m, and at least ten glaciers on their northern slope; the Katun Alps, which have a mean elevation of about 3,000 m and are mostly snow-clad; the Kholzun range; the Korgon 1,900 to 2,300 m, Talitskand Selitsk ranges; the Tigeretsk Alps. Several secondary plateaus of lower altitude are also distinguished by geographers, The Katun valley begins as a wild gorge on the south-west slope of Belukha; then, after a big bend, the river (600 km long) pierces the Katun Alps, and enters a wider valley, lying at an altitude of from 600 to 1,100 m, which it follows until it emerges from the Altai highlands to join the Biya in a most picturesque region. The Katun and the Biya together form the Ob. The next valley is that of the Charysh, which has the Korgon and Tigeretsk Alps on one side and the Talitsk and Bashalatsk Alps on the other. This, too, is very fertile. The Altai, seen from this valley, presents the most romantic scenes, including the small but deep Kolyvan lake (altitude 360 m), which is surrounded by fantastic granite domes and towers. Altai Mountains in Kazakhstan Farther west the valleys of the Uba, the Ulba and the Bukhtarma open south-westwards towards the Irtysh. The lower part of the first, like the lower valley of the Charysh, is thickly populated; in the valley of the Ulba is the Riddersk mine, at the foot of the Ivanovsk Peak (2,060 m), clothed with alpine meadows. The valley of the Bukhtarma, which has a length of 320 km, also has its origin at the foot of the Belukha and the Kuitun peaks, and as it falls some 1,500 m in about 300 km, from an alpine plateau at an elevation of 1,900 m to the Bukhtarma fortress (345 m), it offers the most striking contrasts of landscape and vegetation. Its upper parts abound in glaciers, the best known of which is the Berel, which comes down from the Byelukha. On the northern side of the range which separates the upper Bukhtarma from the upper Katun is the Katun glacier, which after two ice-falls widens out to 700 to 900 metres. From a grotto in this glacier bursts tumultuously the Katun river. Altai, Valley Kutsherla in the Altai Mountains The middle and lower parts of the Bukhtarma valley have been colonized since the 18th century by runaway Russian peasants, serfs and religious schismatics (Raskolniks), who created a free republic there on Chinese territory; and after this part of the valley was annexed to Russia in 1869, it was rapidly colonized. The high valleys farther north, on the same western face of the Sailughem range, are but little known, their only visitors being Kyrgyz shepherds. Those of Bashkaus, Chulyshman, and Chulcha, all three leading to the alpine lake of Teletskoye (length, 80 km; maximum width, 5 km; altitude, 520 m; area, 230.8 square kilometeres; maximum depth, 310 m; mean depth, 200 m), are inhabited by Telengit people. The shores of the lake rise almost sheer to over 1,800 m. From this lake issues the Biya, which joins the Katun at Biysk, and then meanders through the prairies of the north-west of the Altai. Farther north the Altai highlands are continued in the Kuznetsk district, which has a slightly different geological aspect, but still belongs to the Altai system. But the Abakan river, which rises on the western shoulder of the Sayan mountains, belongs to the system of the Yenisei. The Kuznetsk Ala-tau range, on the left bank of the Abakan, runs north-east into the government of Yeniseisk, while a complexus of mountains (Chukchut, Salair, Abakan) fills up the country northwards towards the Trans-Siberian Railway and westwards towards the Ob. Altai Mountains (Lake Kucerla) The Ek-tagh or Mongolian Altai, which separates the Khovd basin on the north from the Irtysh basin on the south, is a true border-range, in that it rises in a steep and lofty escarpment from the Dzungarian depression (470-900 m), but descends on the north by a relatively short slope to the plateau (1,150 to 1,680 m) of north-western Mongolia. East of 94° E the range is continued by a double series of mountain chains, all of which exhibit less sharply marked orographical features and are at considerably lower elevations. The slopes of the constituent chains of the system are inhabited principally by nomadic Kyrgyz. [edit] World Heritage site A vast area of 16,178 km² - Altai and Katun Natural Reserves, Lake Teletskoye, Mount Belukha and the Ukok Plateau - comprise a natural UNESCO World Heritage Site entitled Golden Mountains of Altai. As stated in the UNESCO description of the site, "the region represents the most complete sequence of altitudinal vegetation zones in central Siberia, from steppe, forest-steppe, mixed forest, subalpine vegetation to alpine vegetation". While making its decision, UNESCO also cited Russian Altai's importance for preservation of the globally endangered mammals, such as snow leopard and the Altai argali.[1] The Uvs Nuur basin is also a protected site. [edit] Geology Altai, Lake Kutsherla in the Altai Mountains The Siberian Altai represents the northern most region affected by the tectonic collision of India into Asia. Massive fault systems run through the area, including the Kurai fault zone and the recently identified Tashanta fault zone. These fault systems are typically thrusts or right lateral strike-slip faults, some of which are tectonically active. Rock types in the mountains are typically granites and metamorphic schists, and some are highly sheared near to fault zones. [edit] Seismic activity On 27 September 2003 a massive earthquake, measuring MW 7.3, occurred in the Chuya Basin area to the south of the Altai region. Seismic activity is however a rare occurrence. This earthquake and its aftershocks devastated much of the region, causing $10.6 million in damage (USGS) and wiping out the village of Beltir. [edit] See also • Altai Krai • Altaic languages • Altay language [edit] References 1. ^ "Greater Altai – Altai Krai, Republic of Altai, Tyva (Tuva), and Novosibirsk - Crossroads". Retrieved on 2006-11-30. [edit] Notes • This article incorporates text from the Encyclopжdia Britannica Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain. [edit] External links Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Altay Mountains • Altai-Project of the Technical University of Dresden - Institute of Cartography • Golden Mountains of Altai at Natural Heritage Protection Fund • 24-days in Altai - A travel account from the south of Altai. • UNESCO's evaluation of Altai (PDF file) Khovd Province From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search This article is about the province of Mongolia. For other uses, see Khovd. Coordinates: 47°0′N 92°45′E Khovd Aimag Ховд аймаг Province Flag Coat of arms Country Mongolia Coordinates 47°0′N 92°45′E Capital Khovd Area 76,100 km² (29,382 sq mi) Population 91,687 (2005) Density 1.20 /km² (3 /sq mi) Founded 1931 Timezone UTC+7 Area code +976 (0)143 ISO 3166-2 code MN-043 Website: http://gate1.pmis.gov.mn/hovd/ Khovd (Mongolian: Ховд) is one of the 21 aimags (provinces) of Mongolia, located in the west of the country. Its capital is also named Khovd. Khovd is approximately 1,580 km from Ulan Bator. It is considered remote even for Mongolian standards. Contents [hide] • 1 Population • 2 Climate • 3 Transportation • 4 Economy • 5 Administrative Subdivision • 6 References [edit] Population Khovd is distinguished by its multi-cultural population. It is home to more than 17 nationalities and ethnicities. The main ethnic groups are the Khalkh — comprising 27.4 percent of the population; Zakhchin — 24.9%; Kazakh — 11.5%; Torguud — 8.1%; Uriankhai — 7.6%; Ццld — 7.5%; Dцrvцd — 6.0%; Myangad - 4.9%; other - 2.0%(Census 2000). Each of these groups has its own distinct traditional dwelling and settlement pattern, dress and other cultural distinctions, literary, artistic, and musical traditions. There is a rather large minority Kazakh-Mongol population that speaks both Kazakh and Mongolian. The Khovd aimag population growth stopped in 1991, then migration out of the aimag (approx. 20,000 in 1992-2004) compensated the natural increase and confined aimag's population within 87,000 – 92,000 limits. Khovd aimag population [1][2] [3][4] 1956 census 1960 est. 1963 census 1969 census 1975 est. 1979 census 1981 est. 1989 census 1991 est. 1993 est. 1995 est. 1997 est. 1999 est. 2000 census 2002 est. 2004 est. 42,300 48,000 47,300 54,000 59,200 62,600 64,500 86,831 89,365 87,171 88,494 91,339 91.490 89,326 89,664 91,770 [edit] Climate Khovd is notorious for its harsh weather cycles, as temperatures regularly reach as high as 40 degrees Celsius (104 degrees Fahrenheit) and as low as −30 degrees Celsius (−22 degrees Fahrenheit). The climate is dry, as it receives the same average rainfall of Phoenix, Arizona each year. [edit] Transportation The Khovd Airport (HVD/ZMKD) has two runways, one of which is paved, and gets served by regular flights from and to Ulan Bator, Mцrцn, and Bulgan [edit] Economy The region around the city is famous in Mongolia for its watermelon crop. There is a sizable hydroelectric dambuilding project underway that will theoretically generate enough electricity to power the three most western aimags (Uvs, Bayan-Цlgii, and Khovd). Currently, the city of Khovd is connected to the Russian power grid and subject to blackouts if it falls behind in its payments. [edit] Administrative Subdivision Sums of Khovd Aimag The Aimag capital Khovd is geographically located in the Buyant sum, but is administered as independent Jargalant sum. The administrative center of the Khovd Sum is also called Khovd, which is a common source of confusion. The othe administrative centers carry the name of the respective Sum as well. The sums of Khovd Aimag Sum Mongolian Altai Алтай Bulgan Булган Buyant Буянт Chandmani Чандмань Darvi Дарви Dцrgцn Дөргөн Duut Дуут Erdenebьren Эрдэнэбүрэн Jargalant* Жаргалант Khovd Ховд Mankhan Манхан Mцnkhkhairkhan Мөнххайрхан Mцst Мөст Myangad Мянгад Tsetseg Цэцэг Ьyench Үенч Zereg Зэрэг * - The aimag capital Khovd [edit] References 1. ^ Statoids (Gwillim Law) web page[1] 2. ^ National Statistical Office[2] 3. ^ National Economy of the Mongolian People's Republic (1921 - 1981), Ulaanbaatar 1981 4. ^ , GeoHive: Global Statistics, [3] [hide] v • d • e Provinces Говь-Алтай аймгийн танилцуулга Говь-Алтай аймаг нь тєв 141,4 мянган хавтгай дєрвєлжин км нутгийг эзлэн далайн тvвшинєєс дээш 721-4226 метр хvртэл єргєгдсєн газар нутагт оршдог. 63,4 мянган хvн амтай, засаг захиргааны 18 нэгжтэй Монгол Улсын томоохон аймгийн нэг юм. Дэд бvтэц сул хєгжсєн. Агаарын болон авто тээврээр Улаанбаатар болон бусад аймгуудтай холбогддог. Мобиком корпорацийн тєлєєлєгчийн газартай. Интернетийн сvлжээнд холбогдсон. Аймаг нь 1539,6 мянган толгой малтай, vvнээс тэмээ 24,5, адуу 47,2, vхэр 24,8, хонь 482,5 ямаа 960,6 мянга байна. Тэмээний ноос 130,0, хонины ноос 750,0, ямааны ноолуур 302,0, ямааны хялгас 170,0, vхрийн хялгас 8,0, хєєвєр 12,0 тонн, тэмээний шир 5,0, адууны шир 15,0, vхрийн шир 8,0, хонины арьс 180,0, ямааны арьс 200,0 мянган ширхэгийг тус тус бэлтгэдэг. Аймгийн хэмжээгээр 1600 га усалгаатай тариаланд vр тариа, тємс, хvнсний ногоо тариалж жилд дунджаар vр тариа 900 тн, тємс хїнсний 2500 тн-г хураан авч байна. Аж vйлдвэрийн салбарт 2855,1 сая тєгрєгийн нийт бvтээгдэхvvн vйлдвэрлэдэг. Орон нутгийн тєсєвт жилд 1400,0 сая тєгрєгийн орлого оруулж, 6100,0 сая тєгрєгийн зарлага санхvvжилт хийдэг. Говь-Алтай аймаг дахь аялал жуулчлал Аймгийн Засаг даргын мєрийн хєтєлбєрт аялал жуулчлалын салбарыг тvлхvv хєгжvvлэх замаар аймаг орны хєгжлийг хурдасгах боломжтой гэж тусгасан юм. Улаанбоомын /Тайширын/ усан цахилгаан станц барих, мянганы замд Хєвсгєлийн Ханхаас Говь-Алтайн Бургастай хvртэл 1263 км босоо замаар холбогдох зэрэг нь манай аймагт аялал жуулчлал хєгжих таатай нєхцєл болно гэж vзэж байна. Аялал жуулчлалыг хєгжvvлэх нь аймгийнхаа vзэсгэлэнт байгал, тvvх соёлын дурсгалт зvйлийг гадаад орны болон єєрийн орны жуулчид, аялагчдад vзvvлж: 1. Нутаг орныхоо, байгалийн vзэсгэлэнгээ гадаад дотоодод сурталчлах 2. Аймгийн эдийн засгийн хєгжилд бодитой дэмжлэг болох 3. Байгаль орчноо нєхєн сэргээх, хамгаалах, унаган тєрхєєр нь хадгалахад хєрєнгє хуримтлуулах боломж бvрдvvлэх 4. Дотоод аялалаар хvvхэд залуучуудыг эх орон, байгаль дэлхийгээ хайрлан хамгаалах vзлээр хvмvvжvvлэх vндсэн зорилготой юм. Говь-Алтай аймагт аялал жуулчлалыг: 1. Байгаль экологийн аялал жуулчлал 2. Тvvх соёлын дурсгалт зvйлийг сонирхох аялал жуулчлал 3. Євлийн улирлын аялал жуулчлал / Цас ихтэй зарим жил єндєр уулуудад цана, чаргаар гулгах, байгалийн болон хиймэл нууруудын мєсєн дээр тэшvvрээр гулгах/ гэсэн хэдэн чиглэлээр хийж болох боловч ойрын жилvvдэд дор дурьдсан маршрутуудад дулааны улиралд байгаль экологийн чиглэлийн аялал жуулчлалыг хєгжvvлэх нь аймгийн эдийн засагт илvv vр дvнгээ єгєх болно. Нэгдvгээрт: Алтай хот- Хvнхэр амралт- Жаргалангийн сvмийн дэнгийн хvн чулуун хєшєє- Эрээн, Ажиг нуур- Долоон тогооны талын агуй- Сэнжид хад- Завхан голын Шохойн булан- Шар булаг- Алтай хот 320 км. Хоёрдугаарт: Алтай хот- Бигэрийн улаан явар- Таван элсний бєєрний сувилал- Цагаан хаалганы рашаан- Бурхан буудай уул- Найтаастийн бичигт хад- Ээж уул- Хаяагийн говь, услалтын систем- Буурийн гол давсны орд газар- Цагаан голын бичигт хад- Алтай хот 530 км. Гуравдугаарт: Алтай хот- Шаргын хар заг- Цагаан нуур- Сутай- Гурван хулд- Тахь нутагшуулах тєв- Бижийн амны далан- Ширтийн агуй- Алаг нуурын говь- Шvvтийн хавцал- Алтай хот. 690 км. Дурсгалт газарууд Монгол Улсын газар нутаг тvvний хєрсєн дээр болон дор хадгалагдаж буй эртний хvмvvсийн бууц суурин, чулуун зэвсэгийн vеийн дарханы газар, булш, бунхан, бичигт хєшєє, хvн ба буган чулуу, хадны зураг бичээс, хот суурины туйрууд зэрэг тvvх соёлын vнэт дурсгалууд нь єнєє болтол єнє эртний тvvхийг хvvрнэн єгvvлсээр байна. Тvvх соёлын энэхvv дурсгалуудад монголын ертєнцийг vзэх vзэл, бодрол ухаарал, гvн ухааны хийгээд уран сайхны сэтгэлгээ, итгэл бишрэл, шашин шvтлэг, vндэсний урлахуй эрдэм, хэл, соёл, ёс заншил, зан vйл нэвт шингэсэн байдаг. Говь-Алтай аймагт тvvх соёлын vл хєдлєх 35 дурсгалт газар 14 сумын нутагт тархан байрладаг юм. Цогт сумын уулан дахь булш Улсын хамгаалалтад байх тvvх, соёлын vл хєдлєх дурсгалууд - Бигэр сумын Бичигтийн бууц гэдэг газар орших Тvрэг бичээс, сvг зурагтай хад - Жаргалан сумын Сvмийн дэнж гэдэг газар орших 4 ширхэг хvн чулуу бvхий булш - Жаргалан сумын Тоосгот гэдэг газар орших хvн чулуу - Халиун сумын Цагаан гол гэдэг газар орших сvг зурагтай хад - Цогт сумын тєвийн дэргэд орших Хиргист хоолойн булшнууд нь Монгол улсын тусгай хамгаалалтад байх тvvх соёлын vл хєдлєх дурсгалууд юм. Vзэсгэлэнт газрууд Байгалийн vзэсгэлэнгээрээ давтагдашгvй дархан цаазат Хасагт хайрхан, сvрлэг сайхан Сутай, Бурханбуудай, Алаг хайрхан, Хулд, Бvрэн, Ээж уул гэх зэрэг уулсууд, Эрээн, Сангийн далай зэрэг нуурууд, Хаяа, Захуй, Зарман, Шарга, Бигэр зэрэг говиуд, хvн чулуун болон гэрэлт хєшєєнvvд, хиргисvvрvvд, бичигт хад, булш бунхан, єнгє єнгєєр алаглан тогтсон говийн хєрс шороо, говийн ганд тэсвэртэй тєрєл бvрийн ургамалууд янз бvрийн дvрс зурагтай хаднууд, уулын болон талын агуйнууд, байгуулсан далан, давс хужир, нvvрсний ордууд, жимсний тєгєлvvд баян бvрдvvд, єндєр єндєр элсэн манханууд нэн сонирхолтой байгалиуд Говь-Алтай аймагт элбэг байдаг билээ. Говийн шал Тахь нутагшуулах эрдэм шинжилгээ туршилтын тєв Тахь нутагшуулах эрдэм шинжилгээ туршилтын тєв нь Говь-Алтай аймгийн Бугат сумын нутаг Тахийн талд, Улаанбаатараас 1300 км-ийн алсад Зvvнгарын буюу Алтайн євєр говийн бvсэд оршино. Эрдэмтэд Зvvнгарын говийг ургамалжилтаар нь хээржvv цєл, жинхэнэ цєл, хэт хуурай цєл гэж гурван бvсэд хувааж, 54 овог, 226 тєрлийн 572 зvйл ургамалтай гэж vздэг. 1991 онд байгуулагдаж 1992 оноос тахийг уугуул нутагт нь сэргээн нутагшуулах ГИДЦГ-ын “Б” хэсэг Говь-Алтай аймгийн Бугат, Тонхил, Ховд аймгийн Алтай, Vенч зэрэг сумдын 1188,5 га талбайтай газар нутгийн хамгаалалт, хяналт шалгалт, судалгаа шинжилгээний ажлыг хариуцан ажиллаж байна. Алтайн євєр говийн энэ нутагт аргал, янгир, хулан, мазаалай, ирвэс зэрэг 34 зvйлийн хєхтєн амьтан, мєн 61 зvйлийн хоёр нутагтан, мєлхєгч, 43 зvйлийн жигvvртэн байдаг. Монголын ховор амьтдыг хамгаалах vндэсний комисс, Олон улсын тахь хамгаалах групп, Герман улсын иргэн Христиан Освальдын сан, Швейцар улсын иргэн Дроте Штамппын сангийн тусламжтайгаар тахийг уугуул нутагт нь сэргээн нурагшуулах ажлыг амжилттайгаар хэрэгжvvлж байна. 1992 онд анх таван тахь авчирснаас хойш 8 удаа нэмж авчран эдvгээ /2002 онд/ єсч vржсээр 60 гаруй толгойд хvрээд байна. Тахийн тал АМЬТАН, УРГАМАЛ Дэлхийд ховордсон улаан номонд орсон мазаалай, ирвэс, хулан, тахь, хавтгай, аргаль, янгир ямаа, хар сvvлт, цоохондой, зэгсний гахай, соотон алаг даага, зэрэг амьтад 3 тєрлийн тогоруу, 2 тєрлийн галуу, 2 тєрлийн жороо тоодог цахлай, хотон єрєвтас, сар, цагаан cvvлт бvргэд, гургуул зэрэг шувуудтай. Агь, хялгана, хиаг, єрхєг, таана, хємvvл, зэгэс, хулс, улаан ба бор бударгана зэрэг бэлчээрийн ургамал, сонгино, суль сульхир, гоёо, хармаг, тошлог, vхринй нvд зэрэг хvнсний ба жимсний ургамал, шинэс, улиас, бургас, тоорой, сухай, яргай, чаргай, заг, харгана, далан хальс арц зэрэг модлог бутлаг ургамал ажигана, далан хальс вансэмбэрvv, сэрж мядаг, азийн жамъянмядаг, дэгд, прежевальскийн зээргэнэ, чацаргана, лидэр, чихэр євс, гишvvнэ, туйпланцар зэрэг эмийн ургамал элбэгтэй. Хавтгай АЖ АМЬДРАЛ Тус аймагт нийт 63,4 мянган хvн амьдарч байгаагаас 38,6 мянган хєдєлмєрийн насны хvн байна. Хєдєлмєрийн насны хvний 9,1 хувь нь тєрийн захиргааны болон vйлчилгээний байгууллагуудад, 53 хувь нь vйлдвэр, аж ахуйн газар, 12,2 хувь нь тєрийн бус байгууллага болон бусад салбарт ажиллаж байгаа нь хєдєлмєрийн насны хvний 74,3 хувийг эзэлж байна. Ажиллагсадын сарын цалин 50-100$ байдаг. Хvн амын боловсролын хувьд бага болон бvрэн бус дунд боловсролтой хvн 58,1 хувь, бvрэн дунд боловсролтой хvн 17,7 хувь, тусгай дунд, дээд боловсролтой хvн 9,2 хувь байна. Хvн амын насны бvтэц нь 0-16 насны хvvхэд 21,452 мянга, 16-60 настай хєдєлмєрийн насны хvн 38,7 мянга, 60 дээш насны єндєр настан 3,3 мянган хvн байна. Аймгийн хvн амын дундаж наслалт 61,5. Аймгийн нийт хvн амын 99,3 хувийг халхууд эзэлдэг. Хvн амын хvнсний гол нэрийн бvтээгдэхvvнийг мах, гурил, будаа, хvнсний ногоо эзэлдэг. Нvvдэл Хадланчид АРДЫН ДУУ БVЖГИЙН " АЛТАЙ" ЧУУЛГА Ардын дуу бvжгийн "Алтай" чуулга нь хєдєєд хамгийн анх буюу 1966 онд байгуулагдсан мэргэжлийн урлагийн байгууллага юм. Тус байгууллага нь 350 хvнд vйлчлэх vзвэрийн заал болон, олон нийтийн ажил явуулах техник, тоноглолоор тодорхой хэмжээнд хангагджээ. АЙМГИЙН ОРОН НУТГИЙГ СУДЛАХ МУЗЕЙ Аймгийн Орон Нутгийг Судлах Музей нь Хvрэл морь, Бурхан багшийн баримал, Барс бариултай мєнгєн тамга зэрэг 7500 гаруй vзмэртэй бєгєєд байгалийн, тvvхийн гэсэн ангиудад ашигт малтмал, ургамал, амьтан, тvvх, угсаатны зvй, археологийн олдворууд, гар урлалын зvйлс, хєдєє аж ахуй, хvндэтгэлийн хєсгvvдээр vзмэрvvдээ vзvvлж байна. СПОРТ ЦОГЦОЛБОР Говь-Алтай аймгийн Спорт цогцолбор нь 2000 онд ашиглалтанд орсон бєгєєд том жижиг 2 спорт тоглоомын заал, бєхийн болон чийрэгжvvлэлтийн танхим зэрэг 4 хэсгээс бvрддэг. Спортын 10 гаруй тєрлийн сургалт явуулдгаас Волейболл, Шатар, Бєхийн тєрлvvдийг тvлхvv хєгжvvлэхэд анхааран ажиллаж байна. VЙЛВЭРЛЭЛ Аймагт 300 гаруй аж ахуйн нэгж vйл ажиллагаа явуулж байгаагийн дотор хvнсний бvтээгдэхvvн vйлдвэрлэл амжилттай эрхэлж байгаа Ентvм, Шимт дээж, Тулга-Алтай ХХК-иуд чацаргана боловсруулж дарс, тос, шvvс vйлдвэрлэж гадаад, дотоод зах зээлд нийлvvлж байна. Алтайн-Тэмээ, Ентvм, Мандал-Алтай ХХК-иуд ноос угаах, Дажи, Галын хvч ХХК-иуд арьс ширэнд анхан шатны боловсруулалт хийх, Арвин дєлт ХХК шахмал тvлш vйлдвэрлэх, Арвин бэлт ХХК бетон хийц, тоосго vйлдвэрлэх чиглэлээр ажиллаж байна. Эдгээрийн дотроос 1992 онд байгуулагдсан Ентvм ХХК хvнсний vйлдвэрлэл єлєн боловсруулах, ноос угаах vйлдвэрvvдээс гадна 400 тоннын багтаамжтай хєргvvртэй зоорь, 4 цэгт Шатахуун тvгээх станц ажиллуулж нийт 100 гаруй ажлын байр бий болгосон юм. Тус компани нь Халиун суманд 450 га-д хvнсний ногоо тариалж эцсийн бїтээгдэхvvн vйлдвэрлэж байгаагийн зэрэгцээ эсгийний vйлдвэр нь баруун аймгуудын хэрэглэгчдийн хэрэгцээг хангаж байна. Мєн Шимт-Дээж ХХК нь Монгол улсад анх удаа Шампанск, конъяк, чацарганы дарс vйлдвэрлэсэн компани юм. Эсгийний vйлдвэр Говийн алимны тариалан VЙЛЧИЛГЭЭ Аймгийн тєв Алтай хотод Их-Овоо трейд ХХК-ий Нэгдсэн зах, Шаргал наран зах, Тайшир зах, Залуур-Алтай, Дэлгэрэх-Алтай, Их-Овоо, Гэгээн Монгол ХХК зэрэг олон аж ахуйн нэгж худалдаа, vйлчилгээ эрхэлж байна. * Аймгийн Холбооны газар нь улс, хот хоорондын телефон яриагаар vйлчлэхээс гадна телевиз, радио єргєн нэвтрvvлэг, интернэт, факсын vйлчилгээнvvдээр хvн ардад хєнгєн шуурхай vйлчилж байна. * Аймгийн Агаарын тээврийн газар нь цагт 50 хvнд vйлчлэх хvчин чадалтай бєгєєд ард тvмэнд агаарын тээврээр хєнгєн шуурхай vйлчлэхтэй уялдуулан онгоц нисц буух зурвасыг шєнийн гэрэл суултын ЛУЧ-2 системээр тоноглож хєлгийг єдєр шєниєн болон цаг агаарын ямар ч нєхцєлд хvлээн авах чадалтай Б зэрэглэлийн буудал болжээ. * Мандал-Алтай ХХК, Тулга-Алтай ХХК, Залуур-Алтай ХХК-ий 14-36 ортой зочид буудал, зоогийн газрын vйлчилгээг тус тус эрхэлж байгаагийн зэрэгцээ Тэнгис ресторан, Капитал, Red Rock, Martin зэрэг орчин vеийн цэнгээний газрууд vйл ажиллагаагаа явуулж байна. Холбооны газрын машины танхим Зочид буудал Gobi Altai General Tour Region:Gobi-Altai Distance: 1300-1400kms Duration: 11 days Day-1 Arrive in Ulaanbaatar.City tour. Overnight in hotel Day-2 Flight to Altai . Overnight in tent Day-3 Altai-Tsakhiriin am .(Tsagaan goliin khurkheree) 160kms. Day-4 Tsakhiriin am / Eej mountain Drive to the sacred mountain Eej 120kms . Exploring the area. Climbing to rock caves and water pools in the Eej mountain. Overnight in tent Day-5 Eej mountain/Tseel Drive to Tseel. 80kms . Overnight in tent Day-6 Tseel/Takhiin tal Drive to Takhiin tal 250kms Overnight in tent Day-7 Takhiin tal/ Tonkhil nuur Drive to Tonkhil nuur. 120kms Overnight in tent Day-8 Tonkhil nuur/Sutai mountain. 80kms . Overnight in tent Day-9 Sutai/Shargiin gobi .Shargiin tsagaan nuur. Drive to Shargiin gobi. Drive to Shargiin gobi. Overnight in tent Day-10 Shargiin Tsagaan nuur/Bayan Uul (Nomiin davaa) Drive to Bayanuul via BayanUul. 130kms. Overnight in tent Day-11 Nomiin davaa/Ereen nuur (Ajig, Doroo) Drive to Ereen nuur. 90kms. Excursion to the lake. Overnight in tent Day-12 Ereen nuur/ Khunkher. 120kms Drive to Khunkher. Overnight in tent. Day-13 Khunkher/Altai Drive to Altai. 75kms. Overnight in tent Day-14 Altai/UB Flight back to UB. Overnight in hotel. Day-15 Departure BOOK NOW PRICES AND DETAILED ITINERARIES WILL BE PROVIDED UPON REQUEST. Khovd General Tour Region : Western Mongolia Attractive sites: Khar us lake Duration: 7 days /2 days in UB, 5 days in tent, every day 3-5 km trekking. Lenght of route: 500kms by car Day-1 Arrival in Ulaanbaatar. City tour. Overnight in hotel Day-2 Ulaanbaatar/ Khovd . Flight to Khovd . Drive to Gurvan Tsenkheriin Tsenkheriin agui. O/n in tent Day-3 Khovd/Khuurai tsenkher Drive to Khuurai Tsenkher . Overnight in tent Day-4 Khuurai tsenkher/Ustai tsenkher Drive to Ustai tsenkher . Overnight in tent Day-5 Drive to Khar Us Lake. Excursion to the lake. Overnight in tent Day-6 Drive to Buyant gol via town of Khovd. Overnight in tent Day-7 Khovd /Ulaanbaatar Flight to Ulaanbaatar. Overnight in hotel Day-8 Departure BOOK NOW PRICES AND DETAILED ITINERARIES WILL BE PROVIDED UPON REQUEST. THE REGIONS OF MONGOLIA GOBI-ALTAI AIMAG. • Territory - 54,595 sq. miles (141,400 sq. km) • Center - Altai town, located 624 miles (1,005 km) from Ulaanbaatar. • Number of somons - 18 • Gobi-Altai aimag was established in 1940 Gobi-Altai aimag (Govi-Altai in mongolian) is situated in the western part of Mongolia. On the South-West it borders with the People's Republic of China. The Sutai, Azh Bogd, Tayan, Edren, Burkhan buudai majestic peaks of the Mongol Altai mountains stretch from North to South through the territory of the aimag. The highest among them is Sutai peak clad in eternal snow at 13,865 feet (4,226 m) above sea level. Semi-deserts of Sharga, Dukhum, Zakhuu, Zarman, Biger, Alagnuur, Tsengkher, and Nomin lie between these mountains. Almost all species and soil have steppe features: Zakhui, Zarman, Nomin semi-deserts have beautiful oasises with saksaul, ulmus, populus diversifolia, bulrush and reed. There are around twenty small and big salt lakes, such as Tonkhil, Ikhes, Alag, Shargiin Tsagaan, Biger. Mongolia's second-largest aimag is named after the Gobi Desert and the Mongol Altai Nuruu range, which virtually bisects the aimag to create a stark, rocky landscape. There is a certain beauty in this combination, but there is considerable heartbreak too. Gov-Altai is one of the least suitable areas for raising livestock, and therefore one of the most hostile to human habitation. It is hoped that an ambitious Kuwaiti-funded hydroelectric power project and dam on the Zavkhan Gol (near Taishir) will bring an economic upturn to the region. Somehow a few Gobi bears, wild camels, ibex and even snow leopards survive, often protected in the several national parks in the aimag. Most of the population live in the north-east corner, where melting snow from the Khangai Nuur feeds small rivers, creating vital water supplies. Gov-Altai is famous for its oasises, and contains some remote sections of several national parks, but most travellers head further west to the more beautiful and interesting aimags in western Mongolia. Mountaineers and adventurous hikers with a lot of time on their hands might want to bag an Altai peak. Opportunities include Khuren Tovon Uul (3802m), in Altai sum, Burkhan Buuddai Uul (3765m) in Biger sum, or the permanently snowcapped peak of Sutai Uul (4090m), the highest peak in Gov-Altai. Most climbers approach Sutai hill from the Khovd side. The beauty of Gov-Altai's diverse and sparsely populated mountain and desert environment has led to the allocation of a large portion of the aimag as national parks: • Alag Khairkhan Natural Reserve (36,400 hectares). Protects Altai habitat, rare plants, snow leopard, argali and ibex. • Great Gobi Strictly Protected Area. Divided into 'Gobi A', or Southern Altai Gobi, and 'Gobi B'. or Dzungarian Gobi. 'Gobi A' is over 4.4 million hectares in the southern part of the aimag. 'Gobi B' is 881,000 hectares in the South-West of Gov-Altai and in neighbouring Khovd. Together, the undisturbed area is the fourth largest biosphere reserve in the world and protects wild ass, Gobi bears, the wild Bactrian camel and jerboa, among other endangered animals. • Eej Khairkhan Natural Reserve (22,475 hectares). About 150km directly south of Altai, the reserve was created to protect the general environment. • Khasagt Khairkhan Strictly Protected Area (27.448 hectare). The area protects endangered argali sheep and the Mongol Altai mountain environment. • Sharga Natural Reserve. Like the Mankhan Natural Reserve in Khovd aimag, it helps to preserve highly endangered species of antelope. • Takhiin Tal. On the border of the northern section of Dzungarian National Park. Eight Takhi (the Mongolian wild horse) were reintroduced into the wild here in 1996. Experts hope they will survive and flourish in this remote area of the Gobi. PLACES TO VISITED: • Altai. Nestled between the mountains of Khasagt Khairkhan Uul (3579m) and Jargalant Uul (3070m), the aimag capital is a pleasant tree lined place, with friendly people. With an interesting museum and a well-stocked market, Altai is a good place to stop on the way to somewhere else - either to or from Khovd, or the national parks to the South. Dashpeljeelen Khiid. This small, attractive monastery was built in 1990 and is home to 30 monks. Unlike most others, there was no previous structure on this site. On most days from 10 a.m. you can witness a ceremony. The monastery is a short walk north-west of the town square. Museum. Amaik’s Local Museum preserves over 7500 displays including a Bronze Horse, Buddha’s sculpture, and a Tiger handled silver seal and the natural, honorary and history halls are available for everyone, whoever interested in minerals, plants, animals, history, ethnography, archeological findings, handicraft items, and agricultural accessories. • Southern Altai Gobi Strictly Protected Area. The majority of this 4,4 million hectare national park, also known as "Gobi A", lies in the south-east corner of Gov-Altai. Established over 20 years ago, the area has been nominated as an International Biosphere Reserve by the United Nations. The park is remote and very difficult to reach, which is bad news for visitors but excellent news for the fragile flora and fauna. Almost completely uninhabited by humans, the park helps to protect about 50 Gobi bears and some wild camels, as well as the desert environment and scarce water sources for the animals. There are a few mountains over 1200m, and several springs and oases, which only an experienced guide will find. • Eej Khairkhan Uul. Near the base of the Eej Khairkhan Uul (2275m), just North of 'Gobi A' National Park, you could camp at some delightful rock pools and explore the nearby caves. You will need a guide to show you around. About 30 minutes walk west of the hut are some spectacular, ancient rock paintings of ibex, horsemen and archers. The mountain is about 150km South of Altai, and is part of the Eej Khairkhan Natural Reserve. • Historic and Memorial Spots Ancient people’s remaining, sites, stone age blacksmith, mausoleum, monument painting, deer and human stone, rock painting and ancient cities ruins kept underground or on the ground of Mongolian territory has always revealing the very old histories. Those historic memories have deeply reflected to Mongolians outlook, beliefs, philosophy, artistic thinking, imagination, religion, national handicraft, language, culture, tradition and custom. 35 historic and cultural immovable spots are spread through territory of 14 soums, Gobi-Altai aimak. • Scientific and Experimental Center for Przewalskii Horse Habitat This center is located in the Eastern or Altain Uvur Gobi region, Takhiin /wild horse’s/ field, Bugat soum, Gobi-Altai aimak, which is 1300 km far form Ulaanbaatar City. Scientists divided the Eastern gobi into 3 regions, which are field deserted, real desert, and well dry desert, and consider to be inhabited 54 types, 226 species and 572 items of plants. The B corpus of the GIDCG, which was established in 1991 and launched its activity in Przewalskii horse habitat in 1992, has been charge of scientific research, inspection, and protection in 1188,5 hectare land of Bugat and Tonkhil soum, Gobi-Altai aimak, and Altai, Uench soums, Khovd aimak. 34 species of mammals such as wild sheep, ibex, wild horse, wild bear, and snow leopard, and 61 species of two habitats and 43 species of reptiles are inhabited in the land of Altai Uvur Gobi. In support of the Mongolian National Commission of Endangered Species Protection, International Przewalskii horse protection group, Deutsche citizen Christian Osvald’s foundation, and Swedish citizen Drote Stamp foundation, Przewalskii horse habitat is successfully carried out in Mongolia. 5 Przewalskii horses was brought in 1992 for the first time, and they were added for 8 times and today they have already been raised at 60. ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: • The map of Gobi-Altai aimag. • Photo album. Gobi-Altai aimag. PAGES OF THE PICTURE ALBUM BIBLIOGRAPHY: • Facts about Mongolia 2000. by Da. Gandbold. ADMOND Co.Ltd., Mongolia. • The partnership and cooperation of Jura and Gobi-Altai in regional and rural development • • • Gobi-Altai Aimag, Mongolia • Jura Canton, Switzerland • “Jura – Gobi-Altai Partnership” is the first project that SDC conducted in partnership with a Swiss Canton in Mongolia. The idea of the partnership has been initiated and promoted since 2003. The project started in 2007 and aims to support the first steps of the partnership between the Canton of Jura in Switzerland and the Aimag of Gobi-Altai in Mongolia to contribute to their economic and mutual cultural enrichment, give them the opportunity to learn from each other and develop true partnership. These regions have a similar population size, both are a part of a landlocked country, equally place importance on agriculture and husbandry, love horses, and share an untamed will for independence and self-governance. But there are also many differences such as different ways of life between nomads and settlers, or their economic potential. Initially, an assessment of the social and economic activities in Gobi-Altai was conducted in order to develop concrete action plans and identify potentials for new value-added products and local services such as medicinal plants and tourism with the goal to improve the people livelihoods in this region. Jura Canton commits itself to support Gobi-Altai’s rural development with CHF 50,000 each year. After the concrete definition of long-term cooperation and partnership, the main phase of the project will start in 2009 with market interventions in the selected sub-sectors. It will last for 4-5 years, followed by a final phase, lasting another 3-4 years. Partnership activities kicked off with the visit of delegation from Gobi-Altai to the Canton of Jura for the Marchй-Concours in summer 2007. The delegation met the Jura Canton officials and discussed potential collaboration activities during the meetings. As a result, the draft of the Partnership Agreement between Jura and Gobi-Altai was prepared for further ratification. The delegation also met Mr. Walter Fust, Director General of SDC. An Agreement on Joint Cooperation between SDC and Gobi-Altai Aimag was signed in Bern. Later on it was signed also by Jura Canton governor. SDC extended its special attention to the development of Gobi-Altai aimag and expressed their wish to assist people of Gobi-Altai in case of natural disasters. The delegation visited some Swiss factories, such as watch factory and Swiss farm. The highlight of the visit was the Marchй-Concours, an event being organized for the 104th year. This event gave the delegation to familiarize with the Swiss customs and traditional feature. Their visit was widely publicized by both Swiss and Mongolian media. Next time, the delegation from Jura will visit Gobi-Altai. Under the auspices of SDC in Mongolia, the Mongol-Swiss Development Foundation, which works in Gobi-Altai through a local NGO (the Altai-Swiss Fund), will coordinate and implement the project in Mongolia, whereas the Canton of Jura is the implementation partner in Jura/Switzerland. www.jura.ch http://gate1.pmis.gov.mn/gobi-altai Khovd Travel Guide Edit This The best resource for sights, hotels, restaurants, bars, what to do and see Aerial View of Khovd Khovd is the biggest city in Western Mongolia and 1425 km far away from the capital city, Ulaanbaatar. The flight takes 1 hour 45 minutes. The journey from Ulaanbaatar to Khovd by car will be taken in 3-4 days. It (48°00N, 91°38E) is situated at the foot of the Mongolia Altai Mountains, in the valley of the Buyant Gol River. The city has a population of 35000. There are sixteen distinct ethnic groups living in Khovd province--each with their own distinctive literary, cultural, artistic, and musical traditions. The Khalkh, Zakhchin, Torgood, Oeld, Durved, Myangad, Uriankhai, Monchog and Kazakh. Khovd is known throughout the region for its watermelon harvest in the late summer, as well as the high quality of its seasonal meat products. T he stunning beauty of the magnificent Mongolia Altai Mountains region of Western Mongolia offers a variety of possibilities for hiking, walking, trekking, cycling, mountain biking, mountain climbing, whitewater rafting, canoeing, kayaking, wildlife encounter-photography, bird-watching and horseback riding. The permanently snow-capped peaks with glaciers and picturesque valleys, the rugged rocks, the sparkling fresh water lakes and crystal clear rivers so pure that you can drink from them. Altai Mountain is one of the last true wilderness areas of Asia, remote, fascinating and undiscovered. The Altai Mountain offers a remarkable experience for active adventure lovers. Trip highlights is the magnificent Altai Mountain region with a visit to a Kazakhs family, Mongolia’s largest ethnic minority. Kazakhs have a unique and extraordinary tradition in training Golden Eagles to hunt small prey. The Khar Us Nuur (Black Water Lake) is located in the center great lakes basin approximately 25 km east of Khovd, and is Mongolian second largest and fresh water lake. That's why it is an important point for migrating birds. The lake is a best place to watching birdlife. You can count up to 300 different species of water and wetland birds including Dalmatian Pelicans, Relict Gulls, Black Stock, Bar-Headed Goose, Eurasian or White Spoonful, Great White Egret. Khar Us Lake National Park was established in 1997 on WWF recommendation. The best time to visit and watching birdlife to the lake is in late of March, April, May, late August, September and October. ТЭНГЭР ЗАЯАТ НУТАГ Ховд хот 76.0 мянган хавтгай дөрвөлжин км нутагтай, 90000 ээд мянган хүн амтай. Давхар давхар уулс дандаа элгэн цэнхэр өнгөтэй байдаг. Түүний оргил бүр мөнх тэнгэрийн зүг мөнгөн сүмбэ шиг цоройлсон байдаг. Эдгээр их уулсын нэгэн болох Мөнххайрхан уул далайн түвшнээс дээш 4204 метр өндөрт оргил нь цагаан цасан малгай духлуулан оршдог юм. Ховд нутгийн хамгийн намхан цэг нь 1126 метр өргөгдсөн Бор Цонжийн говь. үүнээс үүдэн Ховд бүхэлдээ тэнгэрийн заяат нутаг гэлтэй. Үүний зэрэгцээ уулс болгон өөр өөрийн өнгө, салхитай. Цамбагарав уул өвөлдөө цагаан, хавартаа хадган цэнхэр, зундаа арцархуу ногоовтор, намартаа алтан шаргал салхитай. Ховд гол, мөрөн ,горхи булаг бүгд өөрийн эгшиг дуутай. Минжит Булган гол ургаж төлжихийн билэгдэл уран хуурын ая хөгтэй, Холбоо нуураас эх авсан Ховд гол хөөмий цоорийн эгшигтэй байхад Бодонч, Буянт, Чонохарайхын голууд боргио наадуулсан цоглог хөгтэй. Хар ус нуур хайлган цайлган хөг эгшигтэй, Хар нуур, Дөргөн, Цагаан нуурууд хайрын эгшиг нэвт шингэсэн уянгалаг долгиотой. Холын цэнхэр Ховд нутгийн өөр нэгэн өвөрмөц онцлог нь арван гурван ястан ахан дүүс мэт эвтэй найртай, элгэмсүү дотно амьдарч ирсэн түүхтэй. Халх, Захчин, Торгууд, Өөлд, Дөрвөд, Мянгад, Урианхай, Мончоог, Казак, ястан бүр утга соёл, урлаг дуу, хөгжим наргиатай. Тэдний Агсал, Их агсал, Эрээн хавирга, Жудар, Мянгад зэрэг биелгээ бүжиг нь цөм өөдөө дэвшин өргөжиж тэлэхийн намба донжтой. Арван гурван ястны эрхэлдэг ажил үйлс нэг нэгнээ нөхөн баяжуулдаг уламжлалтай. Халх, Захчин мал маллагаа голлон эрхэлдэг бол Казак, Чантуу, Өөлдүүд жимс жимсгэнэ тарихдаа тэнгэртэй байх жишээтэй. Цагаан идээ гэхэд айлаас айл, саахалтад үнэр нь ханхийдэг сангирцагтай тос буюу айргийн тос, зангидсан гарын чинээ тарагны ааруулыг Захчин бэлэглэнэ. Арвайн гурил, тарвас, амтат гуа, гүүний айраг Халх, Мянгад, Өөлдүүд хийнэ. Элгэн тараг, цагаан тосыг Урианхайчууд бэлдэнэ. Ажилсаг чанар, амьдралаа авч явах ухаан хэдэн үе дамжин энэ мэт хэв шинжиндээ оржээ. Мөнх цаст их уулс зуны аагим халуунд зулай хөлрөхийн шинжгүй ханхайн, ам судаг бүрээс нь рашаан булаг ундран алсад цуурай хадаан урсахад тэр их дуу хөгжмийг тэнгэр өргөн авч тэртээ гарган тэр чигээрээ найрсан оддог билээ. Тэгж байтал тэнгэр нүргэлэн хад цуурмаар дуугарч, цахилгаан гялалзан аадрын үүлнээс бороо асгарах нь айраг иссэн мэт чимээ өгнө. Борооны дараа долоон өнгийн солонго татаж хүүхэд насандаа хүрч очоод шүүрээд авмаар бодогдож хөл хөнгөрөн сэтгэл дэрвэлзэнэ. Нар гармагц хүн, мал, хөрст газар, үндэстэй болгон чийг усанд ариусан ханаж чухам л жаргал гээчийг атгаад авах шиг болно. Уул ус, цэцэг жимс, мод бүхэн мөчрөө уудам хөх тэнгэрт өргөдөг нь энэ газар нутаг тэнгэрийн заяаны юм шүү гэх бодол төрүүлнэ. Тиймээ, Тоорой их элс, Алтайн цаад говийн элснийх нь ширхэг болгон анир чимээгүй нүүдэллэн эх газар, эцэг тэнгэртээ залбиран овоо, сүмбэр нь шаргалтана. Их уулсын цасан малгайт оргил мөнх хөх тэнгэр лүүгээ, нуур ус, гол горхи , булаг тэргүүтний давалгаа, боргио мөн л мөнх хөх тэнгэр лүүгээ асан цоройлон тунгалагаас тунгалаг урсан эрин цаг мэт эргэлт буцалтгүй холыг зорино. Хөх сэрхийн нуруу, Мянган угалзатын ууланд эврээ дааж ядсан, Янгир,Аргаль Угалз ян сарьдгийн оргилд салхи сөрөн сэрүүцэн зогсох нь ангийн хорхойтны алаг мэлмийг баясгана. Ховд нутаг ан амьтан олонтой. Бөхөн, хар сүүлт, хулсны зэрлэг гахай, ирвэс, Шилүүс гээд тоочвол энэ бяцхан өгүүллийн бяцхан зайг авна. Олон ястан ард зоны зовхи өөдөө хараа хурц, хийморь сэргэлэн байдаг юм. Тэр бүхний буян заяаг түшиж мөнх тэнгэр маань ивээн тэтгэсээр ирсэн билээ. Khovd (city) From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search This article is about the city in Mongolia. For other uses, see Khovd. Coordinates: 48°00′N 91°39′E Khovd (Ховд) City The city of Khovd Country Mongolia Aimag Khovd District Jargalant River Buyant Gol Elevation 1,402 m (4,600 ft) Coordinates 48°00′N 91°39′E Area 80 km² (31 sq mi) Population 30,500 (2006) Density 381 /km² (987 /sq mi) Founded 1731 Timezone UTC+7 Area code +976 (0)143 Location of Khovd in Mongolia Khovd (Mongolian: Ховд), also Hovd and Kobdo in older books, is the capital of the Khovd Province of Mongolia. [edit] Geography It is situated at the foot of the Mongolian Altay Mountains, on the Buyant Gol river. The Khar Us Nuur (Black Water Lake) is located approximately 25 km east of Khovd, and is the location of a Strictly Protected Area (Mongolian Government designation), called the Mankhan Nature Preserve. Khovd is known throughout the region for its watermelon and tomato harvest in the late summer, as well as the high quality of its seasonal meat products. As a result of administrative reforms in 1992, Khovd was accorded the status of Jargalant sum. City area is 80 km2. [edit] Population The city has a population of 26,023 (2000 census), 30,479 (2003, est.), 30,500(2006[1]). In 2005, the sum had 32,351 inhabitants (6,675 households), belonging to more than ten ethnic groups and nationalities such as Ццld, Khalkh, Zakhchin, Torguud, Uriankhai, Myangad, Dцrvцd, Bayad, Kazakh, Chantuu (Uzbek) and Ьzemchin.[2] [edit] References 1. ^ Ministry of Health of Mongolia. National Center for Health Development. Health Indicators 2006[1] 2. ^ Feasibility Assessment of Sustainable Use of Land and Water in the Buyant River Delta, Khovd Aimag.National University of Mongolia.[2] • Mongolia City Development Strategies for Secondary Cities[3] This Mongolia location article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it. Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Khovd_(city)" Categories: Cities, towns and villages in Mongolia | Mongolia geography stubs Khovd Khovd (Mongolian: Ховд) is one of the 21 aimags (provinces) of Mongolia, located in the west of the country. Its capital is also named Khovd. Khovd is approximately 1,580 km from Ulan Bator. It is considered remote even for Mongolian standards. Population Khovd is distinguished by its multi-cultural population. It is home to more than 17 nationalities and ethnicities. The main ethnic groups are: Ethic group in Khovd Ethic group percent Khalkh 24.7% Zakhchin 24.9% Kazakh 11.5% Torguud 8.1% Uriankhai 7.6% Uuld 7.5% Durvud 6.0% Myangad 4.9% Other 2.0% Each of these groups has its own distinct traditional dwelling and settlement pattern, dress and other cultural distinctions, literary, artistic, and musical traditions. There is a rather large minority Kazakh-Mongol population that speaks both Kazakh and Mongolian. The Khovd aimag population growth stopped in 1991, then migration out of the aimag (approx. 20,000 in 1992-2004) compensated the natural increase and confined aimag's population within 87,000 – 92,000 limits. Khovd Once a small farming community, and later a centre for Russian and Mongolian trading, Khovd city is now a major industrial centre and a good place from which to start exploring western Mongolia. At the northern end of the city are the rapidly disappearing Sangiin Kherem ruins, built in about 1762 by the Manchu warlords who once conquered, and brutally governed, Mongolia. The walled compound was completely abandoned after the 1911 Chinese Revolution overthrew the last emperor. The dry, rugged hills north of the ruins offer some great views and good hiking. Khovd is 1425km (884mi) west of Ulaan Baatar via a westward bus route that travels through Arvaikheer, Bayankhongor and Altai. There are regular flights from Ulaan Bataar to Khovd and, once there, you can rent jeeps for jaunts into the surrounding countryside. Geography It is situated at the foot of the Mongolian Altay Mountains, on the Buyant Gol river. The Khar Us Nuur (Black Water Lake) is located approximately 25 km east of Khovd, and is the location of a Strictly Protected Area (Mongolian Government designation), called the Mankhan Nature Preserve. Khovd is known throughout the region for its watermelon harvest in the late summer, as well as the high quality of its seasonal meat products. As a result of administrative reforms in 1992, Khovd was accorded the status of Jargalant sum. City area is 80 km2. Population The city has a population of 26,023 (2000 census), 30,479 (2003, est.), 30,500(2006). In 2005, the sum had 32,351 inhabitants (6,675 households), belonging to more than ten ethnic groups and nationalities such as Ццld, Khalkh, Zakhchin, Torguud, Uriankhai, Myangad, Dцrvцd, Bayad, Kazakh, Chantuu (Uzbek) and Ьzemchin.
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